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Understanding KNN Algorithm and Its Role in Machine Learning/ai-insights/understanding-knn-algorithm-and-its-role-in-machine-learning

Understanding KNN Algorithm and Its Role in Machine Learning

June 20, 2023

Understanding KNN Algorithm and Its Role in Machine Learning

Understanding KNN Algorithm and Its Role in Machine Learning

With many organizations using machine learning, every learner needs to have complete knowledge of algorithms. The most popular one is K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) Algorithm.

KNN is a quite simple classification method that identifies which class has a sample by comparing it with other nearby points. Although it is quite basic to comprehend, this technique is effective enough to find out the class of an unidentified sample point.

This blog shall provide a complete overview of the KNN algorithm, how this Machine Learning algorithm works, its role in ML, and its advantages and disadvantages.

K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) Algorithm: Overview

KNN algorithm identified the similarity between the new case and existing cases. Further, place the new case into the category that is the same as the available categories.

KNN algorithm contains the available data and then, classifies a new data point based on similarity. This means it becomes easier to classify data (when it appears) into a suitable category by applying the KNN algorithm.

Being a non-parametric algorithm, the KNN algorithm can be utilized for Classification and Regression. However, mostly it is utilized for Classification problems by AI professionals.

Fun Fact:

This algorithm is also known as a lazy learner algorithm. The reason behind it is it does not instantly learn from the training set. Rather, it stores the dataset and during classification, it works on the dataset.

Need for A KNN Algorithm

The KNN algorithm can easily compete with highly accurate models as it makes the most accurate predictions. Thus, using the KNN algorithm for applications that need high accuracy and not a human-readable model, is a wise choice.

Let us take an example of two categories - Category A and Category B. You have a new data point x1 and you need to find in which category the data point will lie.

Solution: Apply a KNN algorithm. With the assistance of KNN, you can identify the category of a specific dataset. Consider the below diagram:

Solution: Apply a KNN algorithm

In almost all the ML certification programs, this algorithm is covered in detail in order to provide a complete understanding of it to the learners.

How Does KNN Algorithm Work?

Quick Steps of understand KNN algorithm workings:

Quick Steps of understand KNN algorithm

How To Determine the Value of K For the KNN Algorithm?

The value of k is quite important in the KNN algorithm to describe the number of neighbors present in the algorithm.

The value of k in this algorithm must be selected depending on the input data. In case, the input data comprises more noise or outliers or noise, a higher value of k would be ideal.

Pro Tip: It is better if an odd value is selected for k to overcome ties in classification. Cross-validation techniques can assist in choosing the ideal k value for the provided dataset.

When you take any reputed best AI ML certification, you will be taught how to select the value of k by using the KNN algorithm.

Popular Applications of KNN In Machine Learning

  • KNN plays an important role in plagiarism checks. It helps check if two documents are semantically identical.
  • In healthcare, machine learning uses KNN to identify diseases based on subtle symptoms.
  • Netflix utilizes this algorithm in its recommendation systems.
  • KNN is utilized in face recognition software.
  • Psychologists and political scientists utilize KNN to categorize people on the basis of their behavior as well as their response to stimuli.

Benefits and Drawbacks of The KNN Algorithm

Like any Machine Learning Algorithm, KNN has both its strong and weak points. Based on the project as well as the application, it may or may not be a suitable choice.

Advantages

  • Easy implementation: Given the algorithm’s accuracy and simplicity, it is among the first classifiers that a young data scientist will learn.
  • Adapts faster: Because new training samples are included, the algorithm adapts the account for any new data because training data is kept in memory.
  • Some hyperparameters: KNN just needs a k value as well as a distance metric, which is quite low in comparison to other machine learning algorithms.

Disadvantages

  • There is always a need to calculate the K value which may be difficult sometimes.
  • The cost of computation cost is high due to the calculation of the distance between the data points for every training sample.

Conclusion

The K-Nearest Neighbors Algorithm is easy to understand and fast-to-implement algorithm. While it is a good idea to use libraries and essential tools, developing it from scratch demonstrates how everything happens to work under the hood and offers excellent flexibility. Although the KNN algorithm in machine learning has several shortcomings, it can be resolved by making some modifications and improvements. And this makes it among the most potent classification algorithms available.